a lot、lots of 和 a lot of 的区别用法

subtitle 外语行天下 10-21 09:41

一、lots of 和 a lot of 意思一样,意为“许多”,表示量很大,但是没必要指明量的多少,多用在比较不正式的谈话或是写作中(正式的用 many 或 much),后面跟可数名词和不可数名词,谓语的单复数根据后面接的名词来变化,例如:

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可数名词:

A lot of people went to the game.

很多人去看了比赛。

Lots of people went to the game.

很多人去看比赛。

A lot of computers areneededcomputers 为复数,谓语用复数

学校需要很多电脑。

Lots of computers are needed at schools.

学校需要很多电脑。

不可数名词:

冬天下了很多雪。

Lots of snow falls in winter.

冬天下了很多雪。

A lot of water is wasted.

很多水被浪费了。

Lots of water is wasted.

大量的水被浪费了。

一般情况下,lots of 和 a lot of 可以通用,相比于 a lot of,lots of 更为不正式

二、a lot 当作副词,意为“经常,很多”,例如:

I like basketball a lot.

我非常喜欢篮球。

She's a lot happier now than she was.

她现在比以前快乐多了。

I don't go there a lot anymore.

我不再经常去那里了。

Mum and I used to fall out a lot.

我和妈妈过去经常争吵。

三、为避免句子冗长,通常把 lots of 简写为 lots,相当于 plenty,例如:

She didn’t bring anything to eat but we’ve got lots anyway. =She didn’t bring anything to eat but we’ve got lots of sth (sth edible) anyway.

她没带吃的,但我们还有很多。

A: I haven’t gotanymoney.

A:我没有钱。

B: Don’t worry, I’ve got plenty. (plenty of money)

B:别担心,我有很多。(很多钱)

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