英语中 either 的用法

subtitle 外语行天下 10-17 12:28 跟贴 21 条

either发音 [a(r)]或 [i:(r)],是一个词性丰富的单词,可以作代词,副词,连词或形容词。

一、either 作代词,意为“任何一个;每个,各方”,可以单独作主语,也可以加介词 of 作主语,谓语通常用单数。

1、单独使用 either,例如:

There are two types of qualification─either is acceptable.

有两种资格证明——任何一种都可以接受。

A: Would you like the metal or plastic one?

你要金属的还是塑料的?

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B: Either will do.

两者都可以。

She warned me that I'd never marry or have children. I don't want either.

她告诫我千万不要结婚,也别要孩子。这两样我都不想要。

2、either + of + 复数名词,复数名词前要有其他限定词(my, his, the, etc.),例如:

You may take either of the two.

你可以从两个中间挑任何一个。

Either of the children can come with us; we don’t mind which.

两个孩子都可以和我们一起去,我们不介意哪一个。

我不想让我父母知道我丢了工作。

正:I don’t want either of my parents to know I’ve lost my job.

误:I don’t want either my parents to know I’ve lost my job.

3、either + of + 代词,例如:

I do not think either of them are at home.

我认为他们两个人都不会在家。

I don't agree with either of you on these issues.

在这些问题上,你们两个我都不同意。

在谈话中,可以单独使用 either 来代替前面提到过的两个东西中的任何一个,例如:

A: What colour paper do you want, white or cream?

你想要什么颜色的纸,白色的还是奶油色的?

B: Either. It doesn’t matter.

随便一个都可以。没关系。

二、either 作副词

1、用于否定词或词组后面,意为“也”,主谓不能倒装,例如:

A、助动词 be

I'm not allowed another piece of cake, so you're not either!

我不能再吃一块蛋糕了,所以你也不能!

B、助动词 do

I don't eat meat and my husband doesn't either.

我不吃肉,我丈夫也不吃肉。

A: I didn’t see Lesley at the concert.

我在音乐会上没看见莱斯利。

B: I didn’t either. = Neither/nor did I.

我也没有。

C、助动词 have

A: I've never been to the States.

我从没去过美国。

B: I haven't either. = Neither/nor have I.

我也没去过。

A: I haven’t ever tasted caviar.

我从来没吃过鱼子酱。

B:I haven’t either. = Neither/nor have I.

我也没有。

D、情态动词

Pete can't go and I can't either.

皮特不能去,我也不能。

E、其他

I've never been here before either, so it's all strange to me too.

我以前也没来过,所以对我来说也很奇怪。

2、(补充时说)而且

It was a really nice hotel, and it wasn’t very expensive either.

那是一家非常好的旅馆,而且也不贵。

She doesn’t like eggs and she doesn’t like fish either.

她不喜欢鸡蛋,也不喜欢鱼。

3、在谈话中,either 还有一个非正式的表达,例如:

A: I don't like it.

我不喜欢这个。

B: Me either. = Neither/nor do I.

我也不喜欢。

三、either 和 or 一起使用作并列连词,格式为 either ... or ..., 意为“要么……要么,不是……就是,或者……或者”,连接两个并列的单词,短语或句子,例如:

either + 名词或短语 + or + 名词或短语,例如:

I think she's either Russian or Polish.

我看她不是俄罗斯人就是波兰人。

I left it either at home or in the car.

我把它忘在家里或车里了。

I'm going to buy either a camera or a DVD player with the money.

我打算用这笔钱买一台照相机或者DVD机。

You can stay either with me or with Janet.

你要么可以和我在一起,要么可以和珍妮特在一起。

either + 句子 + or + 句子,例如:

Either he could not come or he did not want to.

他要么是不能来要么就是不想来。

Either we go by train or we rent a car. Which do you prefer?

我们要么坐火车去,要么租车去。你喜欢哪个?

Either you leave now or I call the police!

要么你现在就走,要么我报警!

either + 前缀 +or + 前缀,例如:

We can either pre- or post-date the document. I don’t mind.

我们早于或是迟于文件日期。我不介意。

四、either 作形容词,意为“任何一个的;两个”,后跟单数可数名词,谓语动词用第三人称单数,例如:

Either candidate would be ideal for the job.

两个候选人都是这项工作的理想人选。

就我个人而言,这两件夹克我都不喜欢。

正:Personally, I don’t like either jacket.

误:Personally, I don’t like either jackets.

Either restaurant will be okay, as they both serve vegetarian food.

两个餐馆都可以,因为他们都供应素食。

There were shops on either side of the street.

街的两边都有商店。

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